The brief information contained here, should help you to better understand the Gastric Bypass procedure being offered by the surgeon of the Obesity Surgery Center of Louisiana in an effort to correct morbid obesity and it's related health problems. There are several good sources of information about this procedure such as patients whom have undergone the procedure, literature and the Internet. Please take the time to research your decision very carefully and know all of your options. On our site, you will find several helpful links to Internet sites which discuss morbid obesity and the choices of treatment.
Obesity results from the excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an increase in 20 percent or more above your ideal body weight is the point at which excess weight becomes a health risk. Today 97 million Americans, more than one-third of the adult population, are overweight or obese. An estimated 5 to 10 million of those are considered morbidly obese.
The reasons for obesity are multiple and complex. Despite conventional wisdom, it is not simply a result of overeating. Research has shown that in many cases a significant, underlying cause of morbid obesity is genetic. Studies have demonstrated that once the problem is established, efforts such as dieting and exercise programs alone have a limited ability to provide effective long-term relief.
Science continues to search for answers. But until the disease is better understood, the control of excess weight is something patients must work at for their entire lives. That is why it is very important to understand that all current medical interventions, including weight loss surgery, should not be considered medical cures. Rather they are attempts to reduce the effects of excessive weight and alleviate the serious physical, emotional and social consequences of the disease.
Obesity becomes morbid when you reach a BMI of 40 or greater or when you are at least 100 pounds over your ideal weight. There is a chart of both BMI (body mass index) and ideal weight included in this handout. When obesity is defined as "morbid", this means that it has the potential to cause several other health conditions that can cause illness and even death. These illnesses are outlined in the next section. If you are morbidly obese and do not suffer from any of these conditions, it is very likely that you will in the future if your weight is not reduced.